CineFrameCatcher - Help

CineFrameCatcher Version 1.1 2020-01-16 ---- Copyright © Wolfgang Kurz, 2020

Table of Content

Introduction

The CineFrameCatcher is a program to support the digitization of cine films in 8 mm,  9,5 mm (Pathé) and 16 mm format. 9.5 mm and 16 mm formats are currently implemeted but not tested, because I have not the ressources to do that.

The frames of a cine film are caught separately by a video capturing device (digital microscope or similar) and stored with consecutive numbers in a frames directory to allow later (in a separate step) to generate a video in SD or HD format with a video generation program (e.g. VirtualDub together with AviSynth)

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Hardware Prerequisites

To catch the frames of a cine film you need a special hardware which is unfortunately not available as fully assembled device that can be bougth. It must be crafted by yourself, but this is not very difficult if you have a little crafting experiance.

As components to build the device you need:

1. A digital microscope.

2. A stepper motor to move the film through the transportation unit

3. A stepper controller

4. A sprocket wheel with 10, 20 or 25 sprockets

5. A illumination unit.

6. A power supply.

7. A 5 Volt DC (direct current) motor (optional)- probably with a gearbox .

8. A 4 way focusing rail

A complete transportation unit



The microscope is placed above the frame window using the 4 way focusing rail. It can be moved precisely in all 3 dimensions with this device. This allows an exact positioning above the frame window and a perfect focusing of the lens can be achieved. Good focusing is very important, because the depth of field is minimal for a focus length of only several millimeters. You must be able to precisely move the microscope up and down within a range of 100 to 200 micrometer.
The film is guided below the microscope and above the illumination chamber on a film guidance rail.



Below the film guidance and the microscope the light chamber is located. Inside the light chamber there is the illumination unit (light bulb). Between light bulb and frame window you may have to apply a diffuser (e.g. a piece of bright white paper - 80 to 160 gr) to achieve an evenly illuminated area as background for the frame to be grabbed.

Left of the light chamber there is the transportation unit located. It is shown here whit a grabber. Instead of the grabber you can also use the sprocket wheel which is like the grapper driven by the stepper motor.

Even more to the left you see the capture reel which is driven here by a transmission. If you like, a 5 Volt DC motor can also be used. It will be controlled via the StepRocker. The CineFrameCatcher provides the required electronic signals to the StepRocker.

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Software Prerequisites, Installation and Invocation

The CineFrameCatcher is a Windows application developed using MS Visual Studio Community 2019, C# as programming language and .NET 4.5 as class library (the runtime components of .NET 4.5 or better must be installed, to run the application properly). The components of the Accord .Net Library must also be installed (the required components are containded in the distribution file) and if the Arduino board shall be used, the components of the Solid.Arduino Library (it is also contained int the distribution file) must be installed as well.
The application can be run on a computer with a MS Windows operating system (Windows 7 or higher, preferably Windows 10 64 Bit). You can the application also install under a Virtual Machine (Oracle Virtual Box or VMWare ...).

The application is delivered via an installation file compressed by 7-Zip. To install the application, it is sufficient to unpack the installation file into an installation directory of your choice, e.g. to C:/Windows/Programs/CineFrameCatcher.
The Windows registry is not used.
For potential updates it is normally sufficient to replace the CineFrameCatcher.EXE file in the installation directory.
De-Installation is simply done by deleting the installation directory with all it's content.

For the program invocation you can create a desktop shortcut. Suitable icons to identify the shortcut easily are provided via the installation file.
Annotation: The application is protected against multiple invocation. It can be executed on a computer only once. An attempt to run the application simultaneously a second time will be postponed, until the first invocation has been terminated.

In the desktop shortcut you can provide three invocation parameters:

  1. A logging control character. "0" = Logging switched off and "1" = Logging switched on. 
  2. the execution language, supported are currently "DE" for Deutsch (German) and "EN" for English.
    and
  3. the path to an existing directory, into which the application files are placed which are created for each project.

  4. Sorry, no English Version available.


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Running the Program

Starting the Application

The application is started either

  1. via the EXE file (eventually as described in the example below with the shown invocation parameters) in the batch command window. Take care about the installation directory!
    Example for the batch invocation command C:/Programs/CineFrameCatcher/CineFrameCatcher.exe "EN" "1" "E:/FilmProjects"
    or
  2. via the desktop shortcut as described above.

As already mentioned, the application can be active only once to prevent images that should be grabbed to be overwritten.

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The Main Window

The first window presented is the main window. It provides a menu bar and a message field as well as all required input fields to control the frame capturing, grouped into 3 categories.

The Menu Bar in the Main Window

the menu bar contains three main groups: 1. File, 2. Options and 3. Help

The menu "File" comprises 3 entries.

  1. Select language
  2. Create new project
  3. Exit

The menu "Options" comprises 4 entries.

  1. Generate AVS File for VirtualDub
  2. Show actual parameters
  3. Erase all images in the image subdirectory
  4. Enable logging
  5. Disable logging
  6. Show logfile content
  7. Clear Logfile content

The menu "Help" comprises 3 entries.

  1. CineFrameCatcher Help
  2. Test for updates
  3. About CineFrameCatcher

File menu items

Options menu items

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The Project Parameter Pane

The project parameter pane shows all input fields related to and describing the catching project.

Field names and field functions


Buttons of the project parameter pane

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The Transport Parameter Pane

The transport parameter pane shows all input fields related to and describing the film transportation during Catching project performance.

Field name and field function

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The Video Device Parameter Pane

The video device parameter pane contains the input fields and buttons to describe the required parameters and actions for the frame grabbing.

Field names and field functions

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The buttons are:

  1. find video device - already described above. See; find video device and camera resolution.

    You should select the target resolution before pressing this button, because as soon as the video device and the camera resolution is set, the video device ist automatically prepared (warmed up) and the frame definition dialog is started after a certain warming up time. If the colors of the image still seem not to be fully OK in t he upcoming frame definition pane, you should press the "c Img. position" button in the window. See later !

  2. FrameDefinition  -  If during the frame definition or frame capturing process the "set invisible" button has been pressed to hide the frame definition window, this button will make the frame definition window visible again.
  3. reset  -  this button resets the form to the default field contents as actually stored in the INI File..
  4. exit -  by pressing ths button you leave the application, It is the same function as triggerd by the "File -> Exit" menu.

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Preparing the frame (size and color) for grabbing

After the video capture device is started and warmed up, the frame size and color definition window is presented. It shows the first grabbed image as seen by the video catching device (the microscope). If the brightness and the colors are not really correct, than the image might have been caught during the warming up process. You can refresh it by clicking the button "show aux. lines" under the lower left corner of the picture box.

If the image does not fit properly into the window, you have to reposition the grabbed frame in the windows picture box. This can be achieved by clicking the button "start image positioning".  If this button is clicked, a dialog appears in wich the presented images follow the activities done with the microscope and the 4 way focusing rail.

Focosing

If no prestabilisation is selected. it is sufficient to set the magnification in such a way, that no borders appear in the picture box. If pre-stabilisation is selected, then the image has been placed in such a way, that a sufficient part of the sprocket hole, that is used for stabilisation, is shown at the left window border. Red lines support the right positionong of the image.

With the microscope you adjust the focusing and the magnification. With the focusing rails you correct the image position ( up, down., left, right, eventually a rotation). If the result is acceptable, you can terminate the correction process and return to the definition dialog by pressing the capital X in the right upper corner of the window.

As we deal with very tiny position changes, this task is not easy. You have to perform this process very accurately and it needs significant training to do the job with the required precission.


define position

The part of the image which will be caught is shown in the "Define image extraftion and image color correction" dialog by a yellow rectangle. If the area is not correctly as you want it, you can adjust this area via the numeric up and down fields. 6 values can be modified via these fields:

The yellow marked image area and the red start size text is updated with each change of a value. The window than looks like this:
The correction values are applied via the fields below the picture box.

With the adjust color and adjust appearance sliders you can correct the colors, brighness, saturation and the contrast of the images. To visualize the changes you may click the adjust image button !   The selected values are carried foreward the the extraction process where they are applied to the grabbed images.
With the return button you can go back to the CineFrameCatcher main window.

If the image colors and borders are correctly set, you can start the image catching process by clicking the Start recording button. Make sure, that the yellow rectangle is visible when pressing this button.

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Control and monitor the image catching

As soon as the Start Recording button is pressed in the frame definition dialog the "Image grabbing controller" window opens with the image as grabbed by the microscope as first image (see left picture).

Pressing the "start" button will start the grabbing process. From this point in time the images are shown in the progress dialog in their final form as they will be stored in the target folder for video clip generation.(see right picture)

The dialog provides at its left side a button to reposition the image. This is done with the numeric up/down fields. Also a slight rotation can be applied to the image here.

Next to the numeric up/down fields there is a checkmark which allows to define, that the computer should be shut down as soon as the frame capturing has finished normally.

Below the image fine positioning fields there are sliders, which allow a color fine correction. The defined values are presente right from the sliders.

At the right side of the window there are 3 buttons.
these buttons are:

In the main window a progress report is given, which shows, how many frames per minute are grabbed and an estimate, when the grabbing session might be completed.
In the message area also sometimes a message shows up, that notifies the observer, that the operating system has performed a garbage collection. This is to explain, why sometimes the frame grabbing seems to pause unintetionally.

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Last change: January 18, 2020 WK